What is Nephrology?

View from the backsideNephrology literally means the study of the kidneys. The kidneys usually sit in the upper back, just sticking out from beneath the ribs. Kidneys filter the blood; about 20% of each heart beat goes directly to these organs for cleansing. In addition to clearing wastes, the kidneys must keep good things in the body after they are filtered. The kidneys also make hormones that control blood pressure, manufacture of red blood cells by the bone marrow, and balance of chemicals that make up our bones.

Pediatric Nephrologists treat a whole range of problems which include:

  • Congenital malformations of the urinary tract
  • Inhertied diseases of the kidneys
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Various forms of nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • End-stage kidney failure requiring dialysis and/or kidney transplantation